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A Comparison of Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) for Pesticides Used on Pears to Export Markets

July 1, 2014

CURRENT SITUATION:   Pacific Northwest pear exporters are concerned with meeting international pesticide regulatory standards for crop protection chemicals.  The list of chemicals and country-specific MRLs continues to change.  The table below summarizes the current understanding of the Northwest Horticultural Council (NHC) concerning MRLs for certain insecticides and fungicides in the top markets for Pacific Northwest pears.

This is only intended to be an initial guide to the export trade in certain deciduous tree fruits.  Tariff and non-tariff measures can change with great speed and frequency.  Commercially important information, such as MRLs, should be rechecked and verified with knowledgeable parties in the country of interest prior to sales or shipment.  

The NHC assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions incurred in preparing and publishing this industry bulletin. Any errors or omissions noted, or questions or advice related to the bulletin, should be directed to the persons listed below as contacts.

CONTACT:  For additional information contact Debbie Carter or Dr. Mike Willett, Northwest Horticultural Council at 509/453-3193.

A Comparison of Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) for Pesticides Used on Pears

a - U.S. determines tolerance by using combined residue values of NAA/NAD
b - European Union
c - Codex
d - Use expired 7/31/13.  Tolerance will remain in effect after the expiration date. Spray records must confirm no use after the expiration date.
e - Use expired 12/31/13.  Tolerance will remain in effect after the expiration date.  Spray records must confirm no use after the expiration date.
f - U.S. tolerance expires 12/31/16.  Tolerance will remain in effect after the expiration date.  Spray records must confirm no use after the expiration date. (Sale of product prohibited after 12/31/14.)
g - Use expired 9/30/13. Tolerance will remain in effect after the expiration date.

r - Regional tolerance applicable for Idaho, Utah, Montana and Washington only.

t - Temporary

ucg - undefined crop group 

V - Default Value

          EU: 0.01 ppm

          Canada: 0.1 ppm

 

Chemical

Common
Name

U.S./Mexico
(ppm)

Codex
(ppm)

EU/UK
(ppm)

Brazil
(ppm)

Canada
(ppm)

Hong Kong
(ppm)

India
(ppm)

Russia
(ppm)

Saudi
Arabia
(ppm)

UAE Dubai
(ppm)

Abamectin

AgriMek

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.005

0.02

0.02c

0.02c

0.02

0.02c

0.02c

Acequinocyl

Kanemite

0.4

 

0.1

 

0.3

       

0.1b

Acetamiprid

Assail

1

0.8

0.8

0.8c

1

0.8c

0.8c

0.8t

0.8c

0.8c

Azinphos-methyl

Guthion

1.5g

2

0.05

 

2

2c

2c

2

 

2c

Bifenazate

Acramite

0.75

0.7

0.5

0.7c V

0.7c

0.7c

0.7t

0.7c

0.7c

Boscalid

Pristine

3

 

2

 

3

   

2

 

2b

Buprofezin

Centaur

6

6

0.5

6c V

6c

6c

6t

6c

6c

Captan

Captan

25

15

3

25

5

15c

15ucg

3

15c

15c

Carbaryl

Sevin

12

 

0.01

 

5

   

0.05

 

0.01b

Chlorantraniliprole
(Rynaxypyr)

Altacor

1.2

0.4

0.5

0.4c

0.4

0.4c

0.4c

0.5

0.4c

0.4c

Chlorpyrifos

Lorsban 

0.05

1

0.5

1c

V

1c

0.5ucg

0.5

1c

1c

Clofentezine

Apollo 

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5c

0.5

0.5c

0.5c

0.5

0.5c

0.5c

Clothianidin

Belay,
Clutch

1

0.4

0.4

0.4c

0.3

0.4c

0.4c

 

0.4c

0.4c

Cyfluthrin

Renounce,
Baythroid 2

0.5

0.1

0.2

0.1c V

0.1c

0.1c

0.1t

0.1c

0.1c

Cyprodinil

Vangard

1.7

1

1

1c

0.1

1c

1c

1

1c

1c

Diazinon

Diazinon

0.5

0.3

0.01

0.3c

0.75

0.3c

0.3c

0.3t

0.5ucg

0.3c

Difenoconazole

Inspire

1

0.5

0.5

0.5c

1

0.5c

0.5c

1

0.5c

0.5c

Diflubenzuron

Dimilin

0.5

5

5

5c V

5c

5c

0.1

5c

5c

Dimethoate

Dimethoate

2r

1

0.02

1c

2

1c

2ucg

0.02

2

1c

Diphenylamine

DPA

5

5

0.1

5c V

5c

5c

5t

5c

5c

Dodine

Cyprex

5

5

0.9

5

5

5c

5c

5

5c

5c

Emamectin
benzoate

Proclaim

0.025

0.02

0.02

0.02c V

0.02c

0.02c

0.05

0.02c

0.02c

Endosulfan

Thiodan

2d

 

0.05

 

2

 

2ucg

   

0.05b

Esfenvalerate

Asana

1

 

0.05

  V    

0.1

 

0.05b

Ethephon Ethrel     0.05   V    

5t

   

Ethoxyquin

Xedaquin

3

3

0.05

3c

3

3c

3c

 

3

3c

Etoxazole

Zeal

0.2

0.07

0.07

0.07c

0.2

0.07c

0.07c

  0.07c

0.07c

Fenarimol

Rubigan

0.1

0.3

0.3

0.3c V

0.3c

0.3c

0.3

0.3c

0.3c

Fenbutatin oxide

Vendex

15

5

2

5c

3

5c

5c

5t

5c

5c

Fenhexamid

Elevate

10

 

0.05

  V        

0.05b

Fenpropathrin

Danitol

5

5

0.01

5c

5

5c

5c

5

5c

5c

Fenpyroximate

Fujimite

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3c V

0.3c

0.3c

0.3

0.3c

0.3c

Flonicamid

Beleaf

0.2

 

0.2

 

0.2

       

0.2b

Flubendiamide

Belt

1.5

0.8

0.8

0.8c V

0.8c

0.8c

0.8

0.8c

0.8c

Fludioxonil

Scholar

5

5

5

5c

5

5c

5c

7 5c

5c

Flutriafol

Topguard

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3c V

0.3c

0.3c

0.05

0.3c

0.3c

Fluxapyroxad

Xemium

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.9c

0.8

0.9c

0.9c

 

0.9c

0.9c

Formetanate
hydrochloride

Carzol

0.5e

 

0.05

 

3

       

0.05b

Fosetyl-al

Aliette

10

 

75

  V        

75b

Hexythiazox

Savey

0.4

0.4

1

0.4c V

0.4c

0.4c

0.4t

0.4c

0.4c

Imidacloprid

Provado

0.6

1

0.5

1c

0.6

1c

1c

1

1c

1c

Indoxacarb

Avaunt

0.2

0.2

0.5

0.2c V

0.2c

0.2c

0.2t

0.2c

0.2c

Iprodione Rovral         V    

5t

   

Kresoxim-methyl

Sovran

0.5

0.2

0.2

0.2c

0.5

0.2c

0.2c

1

0.2c

0.2c

Lambda Cyhalothrin

Warrior

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.2c

0.3

0.2c

0.2c

0.1t

0.2c

0.2c

Malathion

Malathion

8

 

0.02

0.5

2

 

4ucg

0.5

0.5

0.02b

Mancozeb

Manzate,
Dithane

10

5

5

3

7

5c

3ucg

  5c

5c

Methidathion

Supracide

0.05f

1

0.03

1c

0.5

1c

1c

1

0.5

1c

Methoxyfenozide

Intrepid

2

2

2

2c

1.5

2c

2c

  2c

2c

Myclobutanil Rally     0.5   0.6    

0.5t

   

Naphthaleneacet-
amide

NAD

0.15a

 

0.1

  V        

0.1b

Naphthaleneacetic Acid

NAA

0.15a

 

1

  V        

1b

Novaluron

Rimon

2

3

3

3c

2

3c

3c

3t

3c

3c

o-phenylphenol

SOPP

25

20

0.05

20c

25

20c  

20c

20

25

20c

Oxamyl

Vydate

2

 

0.01

  V        

0.01b

Oxytetracycline

Mycoshield/
Fireline

0.35

                 

Penthiopyrad

Fontelis

0.5

 

0.5

 

0.5

    0.5  

0.5b

Permethrin

Ambush,
Pounce

0.05

2

0.05

2c

1

2c

2c

2

2c

2c

Phosmet

Imidan

10

10

0.2

10c

10

10c

10c

10t

10c

10c

Pyraclostrobin

Cabrio/
Pristine

1.5

 

0.5

 

1.5

   

0.5

 

0.5b

Pyrethrins

 

1

 

1

 

1

 

1ucg

 

1ucg

1b

Pyridaben

Pyramite/
Nexter

0.75

 

0.5

 

0.75

   

0.2

 

0.5b

Pyrimethanil

Penbotec

14

7

5

7c

14

7c

7c

7 7c

7c

Pyriproxyfen

Esteem

0.2

 

0.2

  V    

0.2

 

0.2b

Quinoxyfen Quintec         V    

7t

   

Spinetoram

Delegate

0.2

0.05

0.2

0.05c

0.1

0.05c

0.05c

0.05t

0.05c

0.05c

Spinosad

Success

0.2

 

1

 

0.1

   

0.1t

 

1b

Spirodiclofen

Envidor

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8c

0.8

0.8c

0.8c

0.8t

0.8c

0.8c

Spirotetramat

Ultor

0.7

0.7

1

0.7c

0.7

0.7c

0.7c

1t

0.7c

0.7c

Streptomycin

Agri-mycin/
Firewall

0.25

                 

Sulfoxaflor

Closer

0.5

  V   V          

Tebuconazole

Elite

0.05

1

1

1c V

1c

1c

0.5t

1c

1c

Tebufenozide

Confirm

1.5

1

1

0.5

1

1c

1c

1t

1c

1c

Thiabendazole

TBZ

5

3

5

10

10

3c

3c

3t

3c

3c

Thiacloprid

Calypso

0.3

0.7

0.3

0.7c

0.3

0.7c

0.7c

0.7

0.7c

0.7c

Thiamethoxam

Actara

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.3c

0.2

0.3c

0.3c

0.1

0.3c

0.3c

Thiophanate Methyl

Topsin-M

3

3

0.5

3c

5

3c

5ucg

0.5

3c

3c

Trifloxystrobin

Gem

0.5

0.7

0.5

0.7c

0.5

0.7c

0.7c

0.5

0.7c

0.7c

Triflumizole

Procure

0.5

 

0.5

 

0.5

   

0.1t

 

0.5b

Zeta-cypermethrin

Mustang Maxx

2

0.7

1

0.7c

0.5

0.7c

0.7c

0.7

0.7c

0.7c

Ziram

Ziram

7

5

1

 

7

5c

3ucg

5t

5c

5c


Northwest Horticultural Council
105 South 18th Street, Suite 105
Yakima, Washington 98901, USA
Voice: (509) 453-3193, Fax: (509) 457-7615

E-mail:  general@nwhort.org