Currency: New Taiwan Dollar
Official Language(s): Mandarin Chinese
RESIDUE LEVELS (MRLs)
Please click on the above link for a list of chemical MRLs.
Taiwan has included
cherries, along with apples and pears, as part of the "pome"
crop classification for pesticide residues limits.
Apple MRLs in Top Markets -
May 21, 2013
MRLs in Top Markets - May 17, 2013
II. CHEMICALS AND ADDITIVE INFORMATION
A. Chemical residue standards:
Taiwan sets its own maximum residue
levels. Newer chemical compounds registered for use in the
U.S. may not yet have an MRL in Taiwan. Provisional MRLs, based on
U.S. MRLs, have been established for certain crops if a
chemical's registrant submitted a data package to Taiwan by October of 2000. Please see MRL table in Section I above
for specific chemical information. Since this situation is
not yet fully resolved, read table and footnotes carefully
realizing that changes can occur and they are sometimes
imperfectly communicated to Taiwan's trading partners.
Please refer to the Taiwan Department
of Health's website for permanent Taiwan MRLs.
B. Monitoring chemical residues:
The Taiwan authorities monitor chemical
residues on imported fruits, including apples, pears and
cherries. Samples are tested using multiple residue analysis for
approximately 200 chemicals.
November 2008 report published by USDA/FAS staff at the American
Institute in Taiwan (AIT) describes Taiwan’s pesticide residue
"Imports of fruit and vegetables are subject to inspection for pesticides
at port of entry by Taiwan’s Bureau of Standards, Metrology
& Inspection (BSMI). Currently, Taiwan uses state of the art
inspection systems for pesticide residues on imported fresh
fruit and vegetables. Each fruit shipment will have 2.5 percent
of chance of being sampled and tested upon arrival by the BSMI
for pesticide residues. Shipments are released for sale after
the retrieval of samples and a document review. Noncompliance
with Taiwan’s pesticide standards results in the recall of the
unconsumed shipment product. And, the chance of being tested by
BSMI for the next shipment imported by the same importer despite
sources will be increase to 20 percent. If the same company
continues to violate the pesticide standards for the third
shipment, then all shipments imported by this company will be
subject to testing. Release of these shipments is not permitted
until testing is completed. The upgrade of the testing
probability is subject to continuous five shipments by the same
company with a total volume of over three times of the previous
shipment that violated the regulations.”
C. Restrictions on use of waxes:
None, but authorities reserve the right to
inspect fruit for the use of wax.
III. ORGANIC FRUIT REGULATIONS
USDA's National Organic Program (NOP) is recognized by Taiwan
as being equivalent to its organic standards.
USDA certified organic products exported to
Taiwan must be accompanied by an organic transaction certificate
(TM-11) that verifies that the product complies with the terms of
the U.S.-Taiwan export arrangements. A list of certifying
agents approved to issue TM-11 export certificates may be found at http://bit.ly/tm11acas.
Oriental pears are subject to a
tariff rate quota with an in-quota duty of 18 percent.
The tariff is CIF and initially assessed on the basis of a
reference price. Periodically, the government of Taiwan
establishes a Transaction Price (TP). The TP is used to
determine the duty due from Taiwan importers for fruit shipped
during the timeframe immediately preceding the TP determination.
Any difference between the reference price and the TP will
result in either an additional duty assessment or duty rebate from
Customs to the importers.
In addition to the tariffs, a 0.3 percent
harbor construction fee is required for all imported and exported
V. NON-TARIFF BARRIERS
A. Labeling requirements:
Product name, grade, size, weight and origin
should be displayed on cartons.
B. Licenses and quotas:
Import permits are required for apples.
Permits are available to every importer who applies for them,
but permits are only valid for six months.
C. Currency Issues:
Foreign exchange is regulated by Central
Bank, but controls should not affect normal commercial
D. Pest and plant disease restrictions:
Apples inspected and certified under the "Systems Approach Work Plan for the Exportation of
Apples From the United States to Taiwan (2008)" are
eligible for export to that country. Packers are urged to
select lots for export to Taiwan that are at low risk for
detection of live larvae. These selections are best made
through consultation with packinghouse field staff and/or the
grower's licensed pesticide consultant.
As specified in the
work plan, three "strikes" (detections) results in the
immediate suspension of the U.S. apple export program to
For a copy of the document needed to log packing
house inspections, click on this document
link. For a copy of the forms necessary to record the
results of on-tree or field bin sampling, click on this document
shipments from all U.S. growers and packinghouses are subject to
stringent inspection upon arrival.
A phytosanitary certificate is required.
Apples and pears: must be free
from Cydia pomonella (codling moth), Conotrachelus
nenuphar (plum curculio), Erwinia amylovora (fireblight),
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) and Rhagoletis
pomonella (apple maggot).
On August 7, 2008
USDA/APHIS issued inspection guidelines concerning fruit
decay in apples destined for export to Taiwan. Contact your
local state inspection service official for more information.
Cherries, peaches and nectarines:
must be free from codling moth, plum curculio, fireblight,
western flower thrips and Anarsia lineatella (peach twig
Shipments transiting third counties or
districts with quarantine concerns:
Strict regulations apply to shipments that transit Vancouver,
B.C. or other third countries en route to Taiwan. However,
if a cargo is loaded in the U.S. and transits a third country en
route to Taiwan but never leaves the aircraft or vessel in
which it was originally loaded, the third country transit
regulations do not apply.
Phytosanitary Inspection Level in Taiwan:
Upon arrival in Taiwan, ocean containers selected for inspection
are inspected at the rate of six or more cartons per 1,000
cartons. All the fruit in a carton is looked at. Two
percent of the cartons in the first 100 cartons are inspected;
out of each additional 100 cartons, one carton is inspected.
A minimum of three containers will be
inspected on consignments of 10 containers or less. For
every additional 10 containers in a consignment, at least one
more container will inspected.
E. Trademark Registry:
F. Solid Wood Packaging Material (SWPM)
VII. MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES FOR PACIFIC
NORTHWEST TREE FRUIT INDUSTRY
Washington Apple Commission:
Steve Chu/Tony Hung
Voice: 011 886 2 2726 1939
Fax: 011 886 2 2726 1815
Pear Bureau Northwest:
Steven Chu & Assoc. Co. Ltd.
Voice: 011-886 2-2726-1939
Fax: 011-886 2-2726-1815
Northwest Cherry Growers:
Ling Ling Wang
LL & Wang Ltd.
VIII. OTHER RESOURCE LINKS:
IX. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
Taiwan became the 144th WTO member on
January 1, 2002.
Special thanks to
American Institute in Taiwan's Agricultural Section
105 South 18th Street, Suite 105
Yakima, Washington 98901, USA
Voice: (509) 453-3193, Fax: (509) 457-7615